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this world hypertension day know all that there is to know about hypertension or High BP

With the entire world observing 'World Hypertension Day' today, we are reminded that Hypertension or High BP still lives up to its 'Silent Killer' fame with almost 24-30% of India's urban population in its clasp.

What's more shocking is that, most of the individuals are clueless about their hypertensive state until it gets discovered in a routine check-up! Plus with the disease justifying its silent killer name by not showing any symptoms till it reaches an advanced state wherein it affects a person’s vital organs such as heart, kidney, liver, eyes and memory, which makes a BP check up necessary.

*A normal BP reading should read 120/80 with 120 being the systolic and 80 being the diastolic reading, one should always strive to keep their Blood Pressure close to the 120/80 margin or else they run the risk of a having a heart attack, stroke, vision loss and cognitive impairment*

To Know more about Hypertension, click here.

To get a different perspective on the possible causes of Hypertension, click here…

summer eye care tips

The summer is upon us and we are burning up! With temperatures in the higher 30s and still rising, we are using sun screen and moisturizers to protect our skin, drinking ample water to keep ourselves from dehydration, wearing hats and scarves to keep the heat away… and so on.

But what are we doing to protect our eyes? Is wearing Sun glasses enough to protect one’s eyes from eye diseases that arise, especially during summers? The answer is No!

So to care for your eyes this summer know about the various symptoms for eye conditions such as conjunctivitis, dry eyes, sty, etc. and also know how to deal with these eye conditions if they were to arise this summer.

To know more, click here….

heartFormer U.S. president Bill Clinton recently underwent surgery for a heart procedure. The 63 year old, was admitted to the New York-Presbyterian Hospital for the placement of two stents in a coronary artery! While the news came as a shock to the world, it was a routine procedure for the doctors at the hospital, as Clinton had earlier undergone a quadruple bypass surgery at the same hospital in 2004.

This news made headlines because it was the former president of the USA, who underwent a heart surgery. But did you know that the WHO (World Health Organization) has predicted that India is going to account for 60% of the entire world’s cardiac patients by this current year! The reason being, India falls under the group of South East Asian countries belt, which are notorious for having elevated levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, while also suffering from a deficiency in HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol, which helps clear fatty buildups from blood vessels).

 Not only this, but we also tended to gain weight around the abdominal region thereby, greatly increasing our risk of heart disease. Other factors include low birth weight and malnutrition which increases our risk of diabetes and heart attacks in adulthood! So how does one identify the symptoms, which can lead to a heart disease? Following are 12 possible heart symptoms that one shouldn’t ignore:

12 Possible Heart Symptoms Never to Ignore

Here are a dozen symptoms that may signal heart trouble.

1. Anxiety. Heart attack can cause intense anxiety or a fear of death. Heart attack survivors often talk about having experienced a sense of "impending doom."

2. Chest discomfort. Pain in the chest is the classic symptom of heart attack, and "the No. 1 symptom that we typically look for," says Jean C. McSweeney, PhD, RN, associate dean for research at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences College of Nursing in Little Rock and a pioneer in research on heart symptoms in women. But not all heart attacks cause chest pain, and chest pain can stem from ailments that have nothing to do with the heart.

Heart-related chest pain is often centered under the breastbone, perhaps a little to the left of center. The pain has been likened to "an elephant sitting on the chest," but it can also be an uncomfortable sensation of pressure, squeezing, or fullness. "It's not unusual for women to describe the pain as a minor ache," McSweeney says.

Women, more so than men, can also experience a burning sensation in their chest, rather than a pressure or pain. "Sometimes people make the mistake that the pain comes from a stomach problem," says Nieca Goldberg, MD, clinical associate professor of medicine at the NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City and another expert on women's heart symptoms.

3. Cough. Persistent coughing or wheezing can be a symptom of heart failure -- a result of fluid accumulation in the lungs. In some cases, people with heart failure cough up bloody phlegm.

4. Dizziness. Heart attacks can cause lightheadedness and loss of consciousness. So can potentially dangerous heart rhythm abnormalities known as arrhythmias.

5. Fatigue. Especially among women, unusual fatigue can occur during a heart attack as well as in the days and weeks leading up to one. And feeling tired all the time may be a symptom of heart failure. Of course, you can also feel tired or fatigued for other reasons too! But it is better to clear up the reasons for feeling fatigue all the time, with your doctor.

6. Nausea or lack of appetite. It's not uncommon for people to feel sick to their stomach or throw up during a heart attack. And abdominal swelling associated with heart failure can interfere with appetite.

7. Pain in other parts of the body. In many heart attacks, pain begins in the chest and spreads to the shoulders, arms, elbows, back, neck, jaw, or abdomen. But sometimes there is no chest pain -- just pain in these other body areas. The pain might come and go. Men having a heart attack often feel pain in the left arm. In women, the pain is more likely to be felt in both arms, or between the shoulder blades.

8. Rapid or irregular pulse. Doctors say that there's nothing worrisome about an occasional skipped heartbeat. But a rapid or irregular pulse -- especially when accompanied by weakness, dizziness, or shortness of breath -- can be evidence of a heart attack, heart failure, or an arrhythmia. Left untreated, some arrhythmias can lead to stroke, heart failure, or sudden death.

9. Shortness of breath. People who feel winded at rest or with minimal exertion might have a pulmonary condition like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). But breathlessness could also indicate a heart attack or heart failure. "Sometimes people having a heart attack don't have chest pressure or pain but feel extremely short of breath," Goldberg says. "It's like they've just run a marathon when they haven't even moved." During a heart attack, shortness of breath often accompanies chest discomfort, but it can also occur before or without chest discomfort.

10. Sweating. Breaking out in a cold sweat is a common symptom of heart attack. "You might just be sitting in a chair when all of a sudden you are really sweating like you had just worked out," Frid says.

11. Swelling. Heart failure can cause fluid to accumulate in the body. This can cause swelling (often in the feet, ankles, legs, or abdomen) as well as sudden weight gain and sometimes a loss of appetite.

12. Weakness. In the days leading up to a heart attack, as well as during one, some people experience severe, unexplained weakness

Sources: WebMD and Express Healthcare Management.

 
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