Medimanage Expert Panelist - Dr Shweta Iyengar, Lifestyle Consultant shares with you some quick, easy and cool tips for Healthy Hair.
The average number of hair on a healthy human head is around one lakh. The life span of each hair is between two and six years. Each hair grows at a rate of one cm per month. As a part of this cycle some hair fall of daily and are replaced by new hair. It is normal (physiological) to shed about hundred hairs per day. The commonest places to notice hair fall are while oiling, shampooing, on the towel, comb and pillow.
Factors that affect hair fall
Diet: Healthy hair is an indication of good general health of the individual. Hair primarily constitutes of a protein, “keratin” so a diet which is adequate in proteins is essential for sustained hair growth and strength, so also iron, vitamins (namely A B & E), minerals and essential fatty acids play an important role in maintaining the healthy hair cycle. Therefore eat a balanced diet rich in eggs, pulses, nuts, dairy products, fruits and vegetables for maintenance of a healthy hair cycle.
Hormones and metabolic imbalances: Hair fall may be the first indicator of an underlying hormonal imbalance. Underactive or hyperactive thyroid or an imbalance in the male or female sex hormones can cause excessive hair loss. So if you notice hair fall along with weight changes, mood swings and also changes in the menstrual cycle, do consult a doctor at the earliest. This can be controlled only with medical intervention, investigations and treatment.
Scalp infections: There could be several scalp infections, the commonest being dandruff. These are a cause of sudden hair loss. They can be very easily treated. At times internal medicines may be required in addition to the external applications. These scalp infections should be treated promptly, as you can spread the infection to the other members of the family.
Drugs: Many drugs can cause hair loss and the hair loss due to drugs improves on stopping or replacing those medicines. This makes it important to inform the doctor about any medication you are taking including vitamins and oral contraceptive pills.
Heredity: It is a very common cause of hair fall. This type of baldness is called male or female pattern baldness. Even though it runs in families, yet it can be controlled to a very large extent if treated appropriately and if intervened at the right time.
Stress: Stress causes hair loss and hair loss itself could be cause of stress, and this becomes a vicious cycle.
Improper care: Tying the hair too tight, tying the hair when wet pulls the hair causing breakage and at times also causes permanent damage to the root. This condition is called traction alopecia.
Inappropriate product usage: Shampoo, conditioner, oils if used without knowledge of hair and scalp type could make hair dry and brittle and this causes thinning of hair and hair fall. So also in appropriate products could be the cause of dandruff.